|Title||The permanent ice cover of Lake Bonney, Antarctica: The influence of thickness and sediment distribution on photosynthetically available radiation and chlorophyll-a distribution in the underlying water column|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Obryk, MK, Doran, PT, Priscu, JC|
|Journal||Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences|
|Pagination||1879 - 1891|
The thick permanent ice cover on the lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, inhibits spatial lake sampling due to logistical constraints of penetrating the ice cover. To date most sampling of these lakes has been made at only a few sites with the assumption that there is a spatial homogeneity of the physical and biogeochemical properties of the ice cover and the water column at any given depth. To test this underlying assumption, an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) was deployed in Lake Bonney, Taylor Valley. Measurements were obtained over the course of 2 years in a 100 × 100 m horizontal sampling grid (at a 0.2 m vertical resolution). Additionally, the AUV measured the ice thickness (in water equivalent) and collected images looking up through the ice, which were used to quantify sediment distribution on the surface and within the ice. Satellite imagery was used to map sediment distribution on the surface of the ice. We present results of the spatial investigation of the sediment distribution on the ice cover and its effects on biological processes, with particular emphasis on photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). The surface sediment is a secondary controller of the ice cover thickness, which in turn controls the depth-integrated PAR in the water column. Our data revealed that depth-integrated PAR was negatively correlated with depth-integrated chlorophyll-a (r = 0.88, p < 0.001, n = 83), which appears to be related to short-term photoadaptation of phytoplanktonic communities to spatial and temporal variation in PAR within the water column.
|Short Title||J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci.|